Zohreh Parsa, Physicist, Brookhaven National Laboratory

Professor Dr. Zohreh Parsa has been Physicist (theory and phenomenology); Tenured Faculty;and Executive. Her research has spanned Nuclear Physics; Particle Physics; and Collider (ILC, LHC, MC, SSC) physics; and has included: Nuclear Structure within the framework of the quasiparticle - vibration coupling approach in the unified nuclear model. Topological Solitons in Physics; Multiply Charged Magnetic Monopoles; and Quantum Chromodynamics; Flavor Physics; Rare Kaon Decay; Intermediate Vector Bosons. Neutrino Cosmology; Neutrino Electron Scattering theory; Non-linear Physics; Muon and Neutrino Physics, LBNE; DUNE; and Dark Matter Physics. Team Leader of (US State Department Funded) Projects with Former Nuclear Weapon Scientists. Author; Editor; Chair; Coordinator; Developer and Organizer of Research Programs and Workshops. Elected Executive committee member of the American Physical Society NYSS; Member of DPF, DNP, DBP, DIP; FIAP, GPMFC...Example of Projects improved/ proposed for BNL also given.

Neutrino: Dr. Parsa in 1998 started the Neutrino (v) Charge Parity violation (CPV) and extra Long Baseline (L, 1300 km < L < 4000 km) Neutrino (LBN) oscillation Physics and Experiment, (LBNE) that envisioned sending very intense neutrino (ν) beam through the earth to a far away underground multipurpose large detector to search for Physics potentials for making precision measurements of all neutrino oscillation parameters, Proton decay and natural sources of neutrino; such as supernova. Very long distance (baseline) is the key to this approach, and provide possibility of observing multiple nodes of the neutrino oscillation probability in appearance and disappearance experiments. Observation of such a pattern will demonstrate oscillatory nature of the flavor changing phenomenon, LBNE would be capable of measuring high-statistics neutrino signals from a supernova in our galaxy, provide information on inside of newly-formed neutron star, and possible observation of black hole formation. LBNE was high priority fundamental Science project for over a dacade. Funding was approved to start LBNE with Source at BNL according to BNL Director, but (P. Paul said) he returned the money to DOE due to conflict of AGS chair (retired) who wanted more funding. In 2012 DOE approved LBNE with source at FNAL; LBNE was renamed DUNE. LBNE, DUNE/LBNF.

Ultra-Cold Muons:  Dr. Parsa in 2006, proposed an "Intense Muon Facility" For Multidisciplinary Research. Focus of her LDRD (Lab Director Research and Development) proposal was first to develop an intense source of muons, 10^12 µ± /sec, from the AGS (Alternating Gradient Synchrotron), that would span a broad spectrum of disciplines ranging from nano-technology to life sciences and medical diagnostics showing all of which can be researched using muons. And R & D directed toward the conceptual design of the intense muon research facility (that would address muon production, trapping and cooling). A major goal would be (a final focus device capable of) delivering Ultra-Cold Muons with better than nanometer spatial resolution to the experimental areas. Low energy, high intensity and outstanding resolution are the key features of the envisioned facility that allow novel applications, and scientific discoveries complementary to all BNL Facilities.

Muon Collider:   In 1989 Dr. Parsa started the Muon Collider (MC) Physics and Facility research at BNL, that by early 1993 led to "Muon Collider Collaboration" and grew for over a decade. She also was Organizer and Chair of (the biweekly) particle and accelerator physics seminars (1987-1999), and symposia (e.g. on Muon Collider). Muon collider accelerates subatomic particles called muons (μ), and makes them collide, to discover new subatomic forces and particles. Muons are 200 times heavier than electrons; have the same electric charge; interact with matter in the same way; emit less light than electrons when in circular motion; and smaller beamstrahlung. Consequently smaller energy loss and very small energy spread, allow possibility of more particle per bunch and higher luminosity. Multi TeV and small Muon rings for Neutrino Factory (NF) and Higgs Factory were also considered (e.g., the cross section for direct Higgs production from the mu+ mu- collider is 40,000 times that of the e+ e- system). After over a decade, by 2005 the lack of Muon Cooling technology etc., stopped/ postpone the building of μ Collider at BNL (in US). [Muon Collider start with proton accelerator that generate pions (π) from a target; proceeds through phase rotation, (π → μ ν) decay channel; muon cooling; acceleration; storage in collider ring and then to a detector]; Member of NF & Muon Collider.

Booster:  In 1985 Prof. Parsa joined the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), and was invited to the new Booster Task force (to improve on earlier Booster accelerator design etc. that twice had failed the construction funding Reviews..). She established: the "Booster Technical Notes" series, "compendium of computer codes" and "developed analytical formulas" including e.g., Analytical Method For Treatment of Nonlinear Resonances; she used for Booster, SSC, etc. Dr. Parsa also was the "Booster Configuration Manager", Editor of the "Booster Design Manual" that she completed, passed the Department of Energy's (DOE) funding Review & BNL Received Booster Construction fundings in 1986. Booster makes it possible for AGS to accelerate Protons and Heavy Ions (HI) and deliver HI up to gold into RHIC. After decades Booster also serves as the energetic heavy ion source for the NASA Space Radiation Lab.

SSC:  Dr. Parsa 1986-1993 developed formulations and codes used for the U.S. SSC (Superconducting Super Collider), e.g., her "Second Order Perturbation In SSC";  "Resonance Analysis For The SSC"; "Linear Aperture, Smear, Variation Of Particle Action And Beam Emittance In SSC"; Chromatic Perturbation And Resonance Strength In SSC.. SSC a U.S. Collider under construction in Texas officially demised in 1993.

Neutrino Diagnostics: Dr. Parsa has been Chief Scientist & U.S. Team Leader of the (State Department Funded) Projects with Former Nuclear Weapon Scientists from Russia, Ukraine (1999-2005) etc. E.g, one of her 2004 (STCU) proposal was on "Neutrino Diagnostics of the Fissile Materials in Nuclear Reactor", including antineutrino method of remote control and diagnostics of operating fast neutron reactor. [Antineutrino capture by protons (inverse beta decay) constitutes basis of the detector. By measuring energy of produced positrons, can reconstruct the antineutrino spectra].

Professional Activities:   Professor Parsa in addition to years of Teaching and Research, has been: "Author"; "Referee"; "Editor" and "Editor in Chief" of Newsletters (e.g., APS-NYSS |Vol.3,#1|; |Vol.2,#1|; |Vol.1,#1|), scientific papers (e.g., see |Spires Publication|), Manuals and books (e.g., |Intersections of particle and nuclear physics| ); Executive Science International LLC; etc.

Professional Organizations and Collaborations:   Member of professional Organizations and Collaborations. Has served as Chair, Coordinator, Developer and organizer of Physics Research Programs and Workshops. E.g. Chair and organizer of "New Ideas for Particle Accelerators" Institute for Theoretical Physics, Santa Barbara CA; "Intersection of Particles and Nuclear Physics" New York City, etc. Elected Member of Executive committee of the American Physical Society NY State Section (APSNYSS) (2001-2005); Chairperson and Organizer of APSNYSS Topical Symposium on “Particle Accelerator Frontiers and New Physics Potentials”, BNL (2003); etc. Chairperson of biweekly BNL (Physics) seminars 12 years (1987-1999).

Computer Activities: Elected Chair of: Digital Equipment Corporation User Society Upton Section (13 years) and BNL Computer Users Group (1986-1999); Editor,Computer Code Manuals and Computer Primer(s) for VMS, Unix and IBM; Member of Cyber Administration.


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    Dr. Parsa in 1998 started the Neutrino CPV & LBNE that envisioned sending intense neutrino beam from BNL to a very Long Baseline detector, making precision measurements of v Oscillation parameters

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    Drs. Z. Parsa, W. Marciano and R. Wilson in Henderson
    (Molybdenum Mine), a proposed Underground Lab in Co.

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    Prof. Dr. Zohreh Parsa (USA), Prof. Dr. Frank Maas and his group, (Mainz, Germany) at PAVI Conference, 2014.

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    Dr. Parsa and some members of BNL's Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE/DUNE) Team, 2014.   For Larger photo click |Here|

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    Dr. Parsa in 1990 started the Muon Collider physics & Facility that led to MC Collaboration and grew for over a decade. By 2005 lack of Muon Cooling technology etc., stopped the building of μ Collider at BNL (in US)...

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    Dr. Parsa and participants at the "Intermediate Neutrino Program" workshop at BNL, Feb. 2015.   For Larger photo click |Here|


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    Front (L-to-R): Dr. Kuno (Japan), Dr. parsa (USA), and Dr. Marciano (USA). Back row, (Swiss); 2016.

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    Dr. Parsa and participants at the National Light Source II Workshop. .

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    Dr. Parsa & participants at the June 2014 "Dark Matter" Workshop at BNL. For Larger photo click |Here|

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    Dr. Parsa's research span Muon Physics; Neutrino Physics; Flavor Physics; Rare Kaon Decays; Neutrino Cosmology; Dark Matter...

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    Dr. Parsa & participants at "Snowmass High Energy Frontier Workshop". For Larger Version click|Here|

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    Front(L-R): Drs Z.Parsa BNL; K.McDonald Princeton U & Back Left: Dr.A.Tollostrap FNAL, at Muon Collider Collaboration Workshop Atlanta.

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    Dr. Parsa, BNL (center) Chair of the APS NYSS Topical Conference, with Prof. Willcheck, Princeton U (left) and Dr. Marciano, BNL (Right).

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    Dr. Parsa (2nd row, center) and participants at a NNN15 session at SUNY (2015).

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    Dr. Parsa and other participants at the "Next Generation Nucleon Decay and Neutrino Detector (NNN15)" Workshop, at SUNY, NY.

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    Prof. Dr. Parsa Physicist, Tenured Faculty, Team Leader of U.S. State Department funded projects;..

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    Prof. V. Zadorozhny (Ukraine) visited Dr. Parsa, BNL (right) for her yearly review of the (Ukraine team) STCU Project progress.

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    Dr. Parsa (Workshop Chair) with some of the Cadets (participants).

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    Dr. Parsa (Workshop chair) discuss the ATLAS LHC with Cadets.

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    Dr. Parsa at the 2018 “physics of the tau lepton it’s neutrino, and related processes”, Vondelkerk in Amsterdam. For Larger photo click |Here|

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    Drs. Parsa (center) Conference chair, Larry Josbeno (left) NYSS secretary - Treasurer, and Richard Hahn (right) Conf. participant.

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    Dr. Zohreh Parsa Workshop chair (right), Dr. Praveen Chaudhari BNL Director (center) and Dr. Peter Paul (left).

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    Dr. Parsa, at the "Conference on Intersection of Particle & Nuclear Physics" (CIPANP) after dinner talk.

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    Dr. Parsa CIPANP Local Organizing committee Chair (standing) with participants at CIPANP dinner in NY City.

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    Physics Department 2015 Barbeque, Brookhaven National Lab.
    For Larger version of this photo click |Here|


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    Dr. Parsa & participants at the "AFCI" Workshop Jan 22 to 24, 2015

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    Dr. Parsa & participants at the "2018 Dark Matter Workshop" at BNL.

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    Ms. Zohreh Parsa (theory) graduate student,New York University NY

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    Ms. Parsa Received M.S. Degree in Physics from NY University; Ph.D. degree in Physics from NY Polytechnic, Doctoral Dissertation: "Topological Solitons: Vortices, Magnetic Monopoles and Instantons"

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Photo

Prof. Dr. Zohreh Parsa Physicist; PhD, M.S., B.S.

Neutrino Homepage LBNE

Dr. Parsa in 1998 started the very Long Baseline Neutrino Physics & Experiment (LBNE) e.g., showed sending intense ν beam from BNL AGS 2540km to large Detector in Homestake Gold Mine, SD allows probe of ν mixing angles, CPV & mass hierarchy providing a major advance in Neutrino science. |ν|

 ILC

International Linear Collider (ILC) Research continue. ILC provide Physics opportunities on Standard Model, Higgs, Supersymmetry and alternative theories beyond the Standard Model. Click: |ILC| 
v Diagnostics Neutrino Diagnostics

Dr Parsa's 2004 Proposal to US State Department included: Techniques for Neutrino Diagnostics of Fissile Materials in Nuclear Reactor. Including antineutrino method for remote control and diagnostics of operating fast neutron reactor.
High Intensity μ Facility

Dr. Parsa's 2006 LDRD proposal include intense source of muons with a final focus device, capable of delivering Ultra-Cold Muons with better than nanometer spatial resolution e.g., precise treatment of brain with Ultra Cold Muons ..
MC Muon Collider
Dr. Parsa started the Muon Collider (Physics and Facility) research at BNL in 1989. E.g., 10 TeV, 4 TeV, 3 Tev μ collider & 0.1 TeV Higgs Factory considered. By 2005 lack of the Muon Cooling technology etc. postpone building of μ Collider at BNL (and in US).
ssc SSC
Dr. Parsa' 1986 - 1993 SSC (Superconducting Super Collider) Research included Collider Phys.; Nonlinear Phys. & Beam Stability.
Booster Booster Accelerator
Dr. Parsa 1985-87 Booster Task Force; Booster Config. Manager; Author: Booster Parameter Lists; Booster Lattice, etc. Editor of the Booster Design Manual that pass- ed the DOE Review and BNL received Construction Funds1986
Membership:
Dr. Parsa has been Member of:  LBNE; LBNF/ DUNE; μ collider; ν Factory and ILC Collaborations; Member of: US LHC Users Asso.; APS; DPF; DNP; FIAP; GPMFC...
 Contact:
Dr.Parsa, BNL, Physics 510A, Upton NY 11973-5000 USA.
  • E-mail: parsa@bnl.gov
  • Tel:631-344-2085  |Reload P.|
  •  Photos/slides:
    Curtesy of BNL Photography, Collaborations & Colleagues
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